Audiologists are essential in the role of determining whether a child has a hearing loss. According to JCIH (2007), the audiologist completes the initial diagnostic evaluation using a battery of physiological testing procedures. Once a child has been diagnosed with a confirmed hearing loss, it is important that he/she be seen by their audiologist for management and follow-up care. The audiologist provides parents with information about hearing loss, communication options, educational options and personal amplification.
The goals for babies born in Arkansas are:
- to screen all newborn's hearing before they leave the hospital;
- to re-test those who do not pass the first screen before one month of age;
- to confirm hearing loss by diagnostic audiologic testing before three months of age; and
- to enroll infants identified with hearing loss in appropriate early intervention services before six months of age.