Healthy Communities

Adverse Childhood Experiences

Children who experience adversity in the first years of life are more at-risk for negative social, emotional, educational, behavioral, cognitive, and health outcomes throughout their lives. Childhood adversity has many faces, including:


Protecting Your Child's Health from Toxic Stress - English | Spanish

Anda RF, Felitti VJ, Bremner JD, Walker JD, Whitfield C, Perry BD, Dube SR, & Giles WH. (2006). The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood: A convergence of evidence from neurobiology and epidemiology. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci; 256(3): 174-186.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Violence Preventionand Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs):

Felitti VJ, Anda RF, Nordenberg D, Williamson DF, Spitz AM, Edwards V, Koss MP, & Marks JS. (1998). Relationship of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many leading causes of death in adults: The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study. Am J Prev Med;14(4).

Shonkoff JP & Garner AS. (2012). The lifelong effects of early childhood adversity and toxic stress. Pediatrics; 129(1).

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