Healthy Communities

HPV

What is HPV?

HPV or Human Papillomavirus is the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD). HPV is a different virus than HIV and HSV (herpes). HPV is so common that nearly all sexually active men and women get it at some point in their lives. There are many different types of HPV. Some types can cause health problems including genital warts and cancers. But there are vaccines that can stop these health problems from happening.

Signs and Symptoms

Transmission

Genital Warts are spread by:

Complications

If left untreated, Genital Warts can:

Some virus strains lead to abnormal Pap tests and increased risk of cervical cancer, but these strains do not cause visible warts. Sexually active women should have yearly Pap tests starting 3 years after they first had sex. HPV may also play a role in cancers of the anus, mouth/throat, penis, and vagina.

A physician may perform a special test to identify the cancer-associated strains.

Prevention

Testing and Treatment

“High risk” HPV strains that cause cancer do not cause visible genital warts. But, high-risk strains may be present along with visible warts.

The body may eventually clear the virus with or without treatment.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine: CDC

Two HPV vaccines are licensed by the FDA and recommended by CDC. These vaccines are Cervarix (made by GlaxoSmithKline) and Gardasil (made by Merck).

Office Address Phone Fax
STD Prevention 4815 W. Markham St., Slot 33
Little Rock, AR 72205
501-661-2408 501-661-2082

Arkansas Department of Health
© 2017 Arkansas Department of Health. All Rights Reserved. | www.healthy.arkansas.gov
4815 W. Markham, Little Rock, AR 72205-3867 | 1-800-462-0599