Healthy Communities

Diseases from Animals & Insects

Animal Exhibits | Chagas | Chikungunya | Pet Store Regulations  

Rabies | Rules & Regs | Tickborne Diseases | West Nile | Wolf Dogs | Zika

Zoonotic diseases are those that are spread from animals to people. Approximately 75% of recently emerging infectious diseases affecting humans are diseases of animal origin; approximately 60% of all human pathogens are zoonotic. These diseases can be viral, bacterial, fungal or parasitic. They can be spread directly from the animal or indirectly through the environment or vectors such as mosquitoes or ticks. The goal of the Department of Health is to improve the health of Arkansans by reducing the impact of these infectious diseases using a comprehensive approach that includes human, animal, and environmental health.

The State Public Health Veterinarian is responsible for consultation to local health units, environmental health specialists, other governmental agencies, physicians and other healthcare providers, veterinarians, animal control officers and the general public. The Public Health Veterinarian is available for consultation on issues such as rabies control and animal bites, as well as other zoonotic diseases such as brucellosis, psittacosis, Giardia, ringworm and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).

The Department of Health also manages several Arkansas statutes, including the Rabies Control Act, the Pet Store Act and Voluntary Animal Control Officer Certification.

 

2015 Zoonotic Disease Cases

Zoonotic Disease

Cases*

Summary

Tickborne disease (TBD) cases

1,131

Anaplasmosis (16); Ehrlichiosis (192); Spotted Fever Rickettsiosis (896); Tularemia (25)

Human West Nile Virus (WNV) cases

18

Uncomplicated Fever (2); Neuro-invasive (16)

Imported mosquito-borne disease cases

15

Chikungunya virus (4), Dengue (1); Malaria (9); Zika (1)
Animal rabies cases

73

Bat (16); Skunk (53); Dog (1); Cow (2); Fox(1); Cat (0)

 

2016 Zoonotic Disease Cases

Zoonotic Disease

Cases*

Summary

Tickborne disease (TBD) cases

1,068

Anaplasmosis (15); Ehrlichiosis (200); Lyme (2); Spotted Fever Rickettsiosis (819); Tularemia (32)

Human West Nile Virus (WNV) cases

9

Uncomplicated Fever (2); Neuro-invasive (7)

Veterinary arboviral disease cases

13

West Nile virus-Horse (11); West Nile virus- Other Animal (1); Eastern Equine Encephalitis-Horse (1)
Imported mosquito-borne disease cases

29

Chikungunya virus (1), Dengue (3); Malaria (6); Zika (18)
Animal rabies cases

23

Bat (7); Skunk (15); Dog (0); Cow (0); Fox(0); Cat (0); Donkey (1)
Other Zoonotic Disease 12 Babesiosis (1); Brucellosis (2); Chagas (2); Q Fever (5); Typhus fever (2)

 

2017 Zoonotic Disease Cases

Zoonotic Disease

Cases*

Summary

Tickborne disease (TBD) cases

1,021

Anaplasmosis (4); Ehrlichiosis (153); Lyme (2); Spotted Fever Rickettsiosis (848); Tularemia (14)

Human West Nile Virus (WNV) cases

6

Neuroinvasive (3); Uncomplicated Fever (3); Positive Blood Donors (2)

Veterinary arboviral disease cases

0

 
Imported mosquito-borne disease cases

3

Malaria (3)
Animal rabies cases

36

Bat (18); Skunk (16); Dog (1); Cat (1)
Other Zoonotic Disease 0  

*Cases are defined as lab reports submitted to ADH that has either a Confirmed or Probable case Status, in the Arkansas Department of Health's NEDSS Based System (NBS). The Arkansas Department of Health (ADH) is an active participant in the National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS). Developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), NEDSS is a system to improve the public health monitoring of diseases.

Office Address Phone Fax
Zoonotic Disease 4815 W. Markham St., Slot 42
Little Rock, AR
501-280-4136 501-280-4431

Arkansas Department of Health
© 2017 Arkansas Department of Health. All Rights Reserved. | www.healthy.arkansas.gov
4815 W. Markham, Little Rock, AR 72205-3867 | 1-800-462-0599