Intentional Injury: Child Maltreatment | Interpersonal Violence | Suicide | Youth Violence
Intentional Injury Prevention
Intentional injuries include self-inflicted and interpersonal acts of violence intended to cause harm. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide is the second leading cause of injury-related death for Arkansans. Intentional injuries include Child Maltreatment, Interpersonal Violence, Suicide, and Youth Violence.
Child maltreatment is any act or failure to act on the part of a caretaker or parent which results in a child’s death, serious injury, physical or emotional harm, or exploitation. It can include neglect, sexual, physical, or emotional abuse to a child under the age of 18. Arkansas had 32,915 referrals to the Arkansas Child Abuse Hotline for suspected child maltreatment during 2010. In order to reduce the incidence of child maltreatment it is important that appropriate parenting skills are learned and practiced. There are programs available that can address proper parenting skills, preventing shaken baby incidents, and educating parents about normal childhood behaviors.
Interpersonal Violence is inflicted by an individual, or a group upon a person. Physical attributes such as scratches and bruises are the most apparent injuries, but prolonged exposure to violence can lead to disability, suicide, or death at the hands of the perpetrator. This type of violence can be physical, sexual, emotional in nature, and also includes threats or threatening behavior. Examples of interpersonal violence are elder abuse, intimate partner violence, sexual or physical violence, and terroristic acts. The perpetrators in these incidents may be family, acquaintances, or strangers.
Suicide is defined as a self-inflicted act with the purpose of taking one’s own life. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suicide is the second leading cause of injury-related death for Arkansans. There are a multitude of reasons that a person may attempt suicide that can be identified and addressed through education and awareness in communities and schools. Fortunately, there are several programs available to address and prevent suicide.
According to the Centers for Disease Control, “youth violence refers to harmful behaviors that can start early and continue into young adulthood. The young person can be a victim, an offender, or a witness to the violence”. Examples of youth violence are bullying, school violence, gang violence, and teen dating violence.
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**Unless otherwise noted, data describing the impact of injuries on Arkansas is from the Arkansas Department of Health.