The Diabetes Prevention and Control Section (DPCS) has provided services to professionals and communities since 1997 in an effort to reduce the burden of diabetes in our state. In Arkansas an estimated 240,000 children and adults have diabetes. Pre-diabetes adds another 539,000 Arkansans facing a possible future diagnosis of diabetes.
The program provides a wide range of support services such as technical assistance, quality improvement training, health care team scholarships, and health promotion through media messages.
Make a Plan to Control Your Diabetes- It’s not Easy, but It's Worth It
What is diabetes?
A person with diabetes has a disease in which the body is unable to regulate blood sugar properly. Diabetes can be associated with serious complications and premature death, but people with diabetes can take steps to control the disease and lower the risk of complications.
Types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
In a person with type 1 diabetes (previously called juvenile-onset or insulin dependent diabetes), the pancreas produces little or no insulin to regulate the blood sugar (glucose) level properly. This form of diabetes usually occurs in children and young adults, although it can occur at any age. Fifteen of every 100,000 people develop type 1 diabetes each year in the US.
Type 2 diabetes
In a person with Type 2 diabetes (previously called adult-onset diabetes) the body makes insulin, but cells cannot use it properly. About 300 out of every 100,000 people develop type 2 diabetes every year in the US. Most people with diabetes have Type 2. Type 2 diabetes is associated with older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, history of gestational diabetes , limited ability to use glucose, physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity. African Americans, Hispanic Americans, American Indians, and some Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians or other Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is increasingly being diagnosed in children and teenagers.
Diabetes is the third most prevalent severe chronic disease of childhood in the U. S. Those diagnosed with diabetes before they are 20 years old have a life expectancy that is 15-27 years shorter than people without diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is diagnosed during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes occurs more frequently among African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, and American Indians. It is also more common among women who are overweight or have a family history of diabetes. Gestational diabetes requires treatment to help stabilize blood sugar levels to avoid complications in the infant. Women who have had gestational diabetes and their children are at lifelong risk for getting diabetes.