Frequently Asked Questions  

Q: What are the signs and symptoms of type 2 Diabetes?

Answer: Nearly 6 million people in the United States have type 2 diabetes and do not know it.  Many have no signs or symptoms.  Symptoms can also be so mild that you might not even notice them. Some people have symptoms but do not suspect diabetes.

Symptoms include

  • increased thirst 
  • increased hunger 
  • fatigue 
  • increased urination, especially at night 
  • weight loss 
  • blurred vision 
  • sores that do not heal

Many people do not find out they have the disease until they have complications, such as blurry vision or heart trouble. Early diagnosis and treatment can prevent damage to your body.

Q: What does pre-diabetes mean?

Answer: Pre-diabetes means your blood sugar level is higher than normal but lower than the diabetes range. In 2007, at least 57 million American adults had pre-diabetes. Having pre-diabetes means you are at risk for getting type 2 diabetes and heart disease. You can reduce the risk of getting diabetes and even return to normal blood glucose levels with modest weight loss through healthy eating and moderate physical activity. If you are told you have pre-diabetes, have your blood glucose checked again in 1 to 2 years.

Q: What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia ?


  • dry mouth
  • being thirsty 
  • urinating often 
  • feeling tired
  • losing weight 
  • stomach pains 
  • heavy breathing 
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea 
  • vomiting
  • fatigue

Q: What can I do to prevent type 2 diabetes?

Answer: Stay at a healthy weight, increase activity, control blood pressure, and eat a healthy diet.

Q: How can I find a Diabetes Educator in Arkansas?

AnswerAmerican Association of Diabetes Educators

Q: How can I find a Dietician in Arkansas?

Answer: Arkansas Dietetic Association

Q: Will I have to give up sugar?

Answer: No, you do not.  It's the total amount of carbohydrates eaten that will raise blood sugar levels.  Your body doesn’t care if the carbohydrates come from donuts or an apple; Carbohydrates from sugary foods do not raise blood sugar levels more quickly than other foods containing carbohydrates.   However, that doesn’t mean you can eat all the sugar you want.  Gaining weight is the problem.  Foods high in sugar may be high in fat and low in nutrients.  The key to keeping your blood glucose levels on target is to substitute small portions of sweets for other carb-containing foods in your meals and snacks.

Q: Does high blood pressure affect my diabetes?

Answer: Yes! Many people living with diabetes also have high blood pressure.  Uncontrolled blood pressure can affect your ability to control your blood sugar levels and decrease your chances of managing your diabetes properly.  Blood pressure control can reduce heart disease and stroke by approximately 33% to 50% and can reduce eye, kidney, and nerve disease by approximately 33%.

Q: Can the AR Diabetes Program help me with getting medical treatment and medications?

Answer: The AR Diabetes Program does not provide medical treatment, screenings, or medication. However, we can help you find available resources to meet your diabetic care needs.

Q: Do you need financial help to get medication and testing supplies?

Answer: The AR Department of Health does not endorse any medications or pharmacy companies, but does recognize Prescription Assistance Programs offered through pharmaceutical companies.   These programs are a valuable resource for many Arkansans experiencing financial hardship. Qualifications vary so contact the program for details.