Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts from cells of the breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that may grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body. The disease occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it too. For more information about breast cancer, visit BreastCare.
Most cervical cancers begin in the cells lining the cervix (lower part of the uterus or womb). These cells do not suddenly change into cancer. Instead, the normal cells of the cervix first gradually develop pre-cancerous changes that turn into cancer. These changes can be detected by the Pap test and treated to prevent the development of cancer. For more information about cervical cancer, visit BreastCare.
Ovarian Cancer forms in the tissues of the ovaries. In the United States, more women die of ovarian cancer each year than of cervical and endometrial cancers combined. Ovarian cancer occurs more often in white females than African American; however, African American women die at a higher rate. Ovarian cancer accounts for about three percent of all cancers among women. Arkansas averages approximately 188 ovarian cancer cases per year. Read More >
Colorectal Cancer forms in the tissue of the colon (the longest part of the large intestine). Although incidence rates of colorectal cancer have been decreasing due to increased screening and polyp removal, it remains the third most common cancer in both men and women. Arkansas averages approximately 1,475 colorectal cancer cases per year. The death rates for males and females in Arkansas are slightly above the national averages. From 1990 until 2000, the colorectal cancer mortality rate has been significantly higher for African Americans than for the rest of Arkansas and the nation. Hispanic males and females experience lower rates of colorectal cancer than non-Hispanics. Read More >
Prostate cancer effects in the tissues of the prostate. It is the most commonly diagnosed non-skin cancer in America among men. Prostate cancer tends to grow slowly compared with most other cancers. Cell changes may begin 10, 20, or 30 years before a tumor gets big enough to cause symptoms. Arkansas averages approximately 1,980 prostate cancer cases per year with 300 associated deaths. Read More >
Lung Cancer forms in the tissues of the lung, usually in the cells lining air passages. The two main types are small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. These types are diagnosed based on how the cells look under a microscope. Approximately 2,640 Arkansans were estimated to be diagnosed with lung cancer, and 2,210 to die due to lung cancer in Arkansas in 2008. Arkansas averages approximately 2,389 lung cancer cases per year. Read More >
Skin Cancer: Melanoma, Basal Cell Carcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. It comes from the cells in the skin that produce pigment called melanocytes. Melanoma is potentially a deadly skin cancer, killing more young women than any other cancer. Of the cancers for which screening is available, skin cancer is the only cancer that has continually rising numbers of diagnoses and deaths. Fortunately, it can usually be treated effectively if it is identified and treated in its early stages. Read More >