Facts About Breast and Cervical Cancer in Arkansas 

Facts: Breast Cancer | Cervical Cancer | Mortality Rates | Dictionary Terms

Breast Cancer in Arkansas

Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. The type of cancer is always named after the part of the body where it starts, even if it spreads to other body parts.

Breast cancer is the number one cancer, and the second leading cause of cancer deaths among women in Arkansas.  Finding cancer early can save your life.  In 2013, it is likely that 2,280 women will be told they have breast cancer and around 420 women will die from it in Arkansas alone.

African American women are more likely to die from breast cancer, but White women are more likely to be diagnosed with it. 

Risk Factors

A risk factor is something that can increase a person’s risk of becoming sick.  Breast cancer risk factors include:

  • Age, female gender, African-American or white race
  • Family history, mother, sister or daughter had breast cancer  
  • Having breast cancer in the past
  • Having periods before age 12 or after age 55

Eating healthy food and exercising can help lower your risk of breast cancer.

Cervical Cancer in Arkansas

Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. The type of cancer is always named after the part of the body where it starts, even if it spreads to other body parts later.
The test that is used for cervical cancer screening is called the Pap test.  The Pap test can find pre-cancer so that it can be treated early and the cancer can be stopped.  In 2013, Arkansas is likely to have about 150 new cases of cervical cancer.

The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that is linked to cervical cancer and pre-cancer.  There is a vaccine (shot) for boys (ages 11-21) and girls (ages 11-26) that helps keep HPV from growing.  The shot also keeps the virus from being spread to another person.  The shot is only meant to prevent the early stage of HPV.

Risk Factors

A risk factor is something that can increase a person’s chances of becoming sick.  Cervical Cancer risk factors include: 

  • HPV, an infection spread through sexual activity
  • Smoking
  • Sex at an early age
  • Many sex partners
  • Use of DES, a hormone for pregnant women used from 1940 to 1971

Your doctor can answer any other questions you may have about your risk level, testing and treatment. 

Sources:American Cancer Society. (2013). Cancer facts & figures 2013. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.org/research/cancerfactsstatistics/cancerfactsfigures2013/index; What are the risk factors for breast cancer? (2012, August 23). Retrieved from http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/detailedguide/breast-cancer-risk-factors; What are the risk factors for cervical cancer? (2013, April 11). Retrieved from http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cervicalcancer/detailedguide/cervical-cancer-risk-factors

2003-2007

Age-Adjusted Female Breast and Cervical Cancer Mortality Rates* by Race: Arkansas and United States
 

Breast

Cervical

  Arkansas U.S. Arkansas U.S.
All Races 24.5 25.1 3.6 2.5
White 23.3 24.5 3.2 2.3
Black 33.7 33.5 6.8 4.7

*Rates are expressed as cases per 100,000. Age-Adjusted to 2000 US Standard Population.

Sources: 2003-2007 AR Center for Health Statistics, Online Query System; http://www.cancer-rates.info/
2003-2007 CDC WONDER On-line Database; http://wonder.cdc.gov/ 

2001-2005

Age-Adjusted Female Breast and Cervical Cancer Mortality Rates* by Race: Arkansas and United States
 

Breast

Cervical

  Arkansas U.S. Arkansas U.S.
All Races 24.5 25.1 3.6 2.5
White 23.3 24.5 3.2 2.3
Black 33.7 33.5 6.8 4.7

*Rates are expressed as cases per 100,000. Age-Adjusted to 2000 US Standard Population.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Compressed Mortality File 1999-2005. CDC WONDER On-line Database, compiled from Compressed Mortality File 1999-2005 Series 20 No. 2K, 2008.