City Corporation

2013 Annual Drinking Water Quality Report

 

We're pleased to present to you this year's Annual Drinking Water Quality Report. This report is designed to inform you about the quality water and services we deliver to you every day.  Our goal is to provide you with a safe and dependable supply of drinking water, and we want you to understand, and be involved in, the efforts we make to continually improve the water treatment process and protect our water resources. 

 

Where Does Our Drinking Water Come From?

The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells.  Our source is surface water from Illinois Bayou which supplies Huckleberry Creek Reservoir.

 

How Safe Is The Source Of Our Drinking Water?

The Arkansas Department of Health has completed a Source Water Vulnerability Assessment for City Corporation.  The assessment summarizes the potential for contamination of our sources of drinking water and can be used as a basis for developing a source water protection plan.  Based on the various criteria of the assessment, our water sources have been determined to have a low to medium susceptibility to contamination.  You may request a summary of the Source Water Vulnerability Assessment from our office.

 

What Contaminants Can Be In Our Drinking Water?

As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.  Contaminants that may be present in source water include: Microbial contaminants such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife; Inorganic contaminants such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring or result from urban stormwater runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming; Pesticides and herbicides which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and residential uses; Organic chemical contaminants including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems; Radioactive contaminants which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.

 

In order to assure tap water is safe to drink, EPA has regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems.  Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health.

 

Am I at Risk?

All drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants.  The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that the water poses a health risk. However, some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from small amounts of contamination. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency’s Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791.  In addition, EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by microbiological contaminants are also available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline. 

 

What is Cryptosporidium?

Cryptosporidium is a microbial pathogen found in surface water throughout the U.S. It lives and reproduces only with the host.  In the environment, Cryptosporidium exists as a thick walled oocyst, containing four organisms.  Our monitoring in 2013 indicated the presence of these organisms in our Lake Dardanelle emergency water source, were one oocyst was found in our May sampling. Additional samplings in May indicated the presence of 9 oocysts at the Illinois Bayou pumps to the Huckleberry Reservoir. Current test methods do not allow us to determine if the organisms were dead or if they were capable of causing disease.


 

  It is important to know that although filtration removes Cryptosporidium, the most commonly used filtration methods cannot guarantee 100 percent removal.  Ingestion of Cryptosporidium may cause cryptosporidiosis, an abdominal infection. Symptoms of infection include nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps. Most healthy individuals can overcome the disease within a few weeks.  However, immuno-compromised people are at greater risk of developing life threatening illness. We encourage immuno-compromised individuals to consult their doctor regarding appropriate precautions to take to avoid infection. Cryptosporidium must be ingested to cause disease, and it may be spread through means other than drinking water.  Our monitoring is now complete, and no further action is required.

 

 

Lead and Drinking Water

If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. We are responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead.

 

How Can I Learn More About Our Drinking Water?

If you have any questions about this report or concerning your water utility, please contact Kenny Lutz, Engineering Manager, at 479-968-2105.  We want our valued customers to be informed about their water utility.  If you want to learn more, please attend any of our regularly scheduled meetings.  They are held on the third Tuesday of each month at 3:00 PM in the Conference Room at 205 West 3rd Place in Russellville.

 

TEST RESULTS

We routinely monitor for constituents in your drinking water according to Federal and State laws. The test results table shows the results of our monitoring for the period of January 1st to December 31st, 2013.  In the table you might find terms and abbreviations you are not familiar with. To help you better understand these terms we've provided the following definitions:

 

Action Level - the concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.

Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) - the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.  MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) – unenforceable public health goal; the level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level (MRDL) - the highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water.  There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal (MRDLG) - the level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health.  MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.

NA – not applicable

Nephelometric Turbidity Unit (NTU) – a unit of measurement for the clarity of water. Turbidity in excess of 5 NTU is just noticeable to the average person.

Parts per billion (ppb) - a unit of measurement for detected levels of contaminants in drinking water.  One part per billion corresponds to one minute in 2,000 years, or a single penny in $10,000,000.

Parts per million (ppm) – a unit of measurement for detected levels of contaminants in drinking water.  One part per million corresponds to one minute in two years or a single penny in $10,000.

 

MICROBIOLOGICAL CONTAMINANTS

Contaminant

Violation

Y/N

Level Detected

Unit

MCLG

(Public Health Goal)

MCL

(Allowable Level)

Major Sources in Drinking Water

Total Coliform Bacteria

N

Highest monthly percentage of positive samples: 0.30%

Present

0

Presence of Coliform bacteria in 5% of monthly samples

Naturally present in the environment

¨        Coliforms are bacteria that are naturally present in the environment and are used as an indicator that other, potentially harmful, bacteria may be present. Coliforms were found in more samples than allowed and this was a warning of potential problems.


 

TURBIDITY

Contaminant

Violation

Y/N

Level Detected

Unit

MCLG

(Public Health Goal)

MCL

(Allowable Level)

Major Sources in Drinking Water

Turbidity

N

Highest yearly sample result: 0.15

NTU

NA

Any measurement in excess of 1 NTU constitutes a violation

Soil runoff

Lowest monthly % of samples meeting the turbidity limit: 100%

A value less than 95% constitutes a violation

¨        Turbidity is a measurement of the cloudiness of water.  We monitor it because it is a good indicator of the effectiveness of our filtration system.

INORGANIC CONTAMINANTS

Contaminant

Violation

Y/N

Level Detected

Unit

MCLG

(Public Health Goal)

MCL

(Allowable Level)

Major Sources in Drinking Water

Fluoride

N

Average: 0.87

Range: 0.92 - 0.80

ppm

4

4

Erosion of natural deposits; water additive which promotes strong teeth

Nitrate

[as Nitrogen]

N

0.20

ppm

10

10

Runoff from fertilizer use; leaching from septic tanks, sewage; erosion of natural deposits

LEAD AND COPPER TAP MONITORING

Contaminant

Number of Sites over Action Level

90th Percentile

Result

Unit

Action Level

Major Sources in Drinking Water

Lead

0

<0.003

ppm

0.015

Corrosion from household plumbing systems; erosion of natural deposits

Copper

0

0.32

ppm

1.3

¨      We are currently on a reduced monitoring schedule and required to sample once every three years for lead and copper at the customers’ taps.  The results above are from our last monitoring period in 2011.  Our next required monitoring period is in 2014.

total organic carbon

¨        The percentage of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) removal was routinely monitored in 2013, and all TOC removal requirements set by USEPA were met. TOC has no health effects.  However, Total Organic Carbon provides a medium for the formation of disinfection by-products.  These by-products include trihalomethanes (THMs) and haloacetic acids (HAAs). 

REGULATED DISINFECTANTS

Disinfectant

Violation

Y/N

Level Detected

Unit

MRDLG

(Public Health Goal)

MRDL

(Allowable Level)

Major Sources in Drinking Water

Chlorine

N

Average: 0.90

Range: 0.01 – 1.44

ppm

4

4

Water additive used to control microbes

BY-PRODUCTS OF DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION

Contaminant

Violation

Y/N

Level Detected

Unit

MCLG

(Public Health Goal)

MCL

(Allowable Level)

HAA5 [Haloacetic Acids]

N

Highest Running Annual Average: 49.3*

Range: 23 – 35.9

ppb

0

60

TTHM [Total Trihalomethanes]

N

Highest Running Annual Average: 62.5

Range: 27.2 – 80.9

ppb

NA

80

¨        While only the upper end of the range for TTHMs exceeded the MCL, it should be noted that some people who drink water containing Trihalomethanes in excess of the MCL over many years may have an increased risk of getting cancer.

 

*The running 12 month average lies outside the range because the highest running 12 month average is calculated using the last quarter of 2012 and the first three quarters of 2013.  The range reported is from monitoring during 2013 only.

UNREGULATED CONTAMINANTS

Contaminant

Level Detected

Unit

MCLG

(Public Health Goal)

Major Sources in Drinking Water

Chloroform

14.5

ppb

70

By-products of drinking water disinfection

Bromodichloromethane

3.28

ppb

0

¨        Unregulated contaminants are those for which EPA has not established drinking water standards.  The purpose of unregulated contaminant monitoring is to assist EPA in determining the occurrence of unregulated contaminants in drinking water and whether future regulation is warranted.  MCLs (Maximum Contaminant Levels) and MCLGs (Maximum Contaminant Level Goals) have not been established for all unregulated contaminants.